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面对极端温差,“天问一号”“冲锋衣”如何破解“冰火两重天”难题?

2020-05-15 12:40       网络整理

  5月15日,“天问一号”着陆巡视器成功着陆火星。“天问一号”这次漫长旅途能翻越“万水千山”,有一件“法宝”不得不提,那就是它身上那件银色“冲锋衣”。

面对极端温差,“天问一号”“冲锋衣”如何破解“冰火两重天”难题?

  ZHEIJIAN“CHONGFENGYI”DEYINGYONGGUIDAOZHUYAOZAIDIHUOZHUANYIGUIDAO、HUOXINGBUHUOGUIDAOYIJIHUOXINGTINGBOGUIDAOSANDUAN。CONGLIKAIDIQIUJINRUTAIKONGNEIYIKEDAOZHUJIANSHIXIANGHUOXINGDEFEIXINGLVCHENGLI, ,“TIANWENYIHAO”ZAIZHEIJIAN“CHONGFENGYI”DEBAOHUXIA“CHENGFENGPOLANG”。

  “冲锋衣”可抵御200多度温差

  “TIANWENYIHAO”DE“CHONGFENGYI”XUEMINGWEIDIXISHOU-DIFASHEREKONGTUCENG,TASHIYIZHONGTUSHIZAIHANGTIANQIWAIBIAOMIANDEREKONGZHICAILIAO,TONGGUOZISHENDUITAIYANGGUANGPUFUZHAODEFANSHENENGLI,YIJIQIZISHENDEHONGWAIFUSHETEXING,CONGERYOUXIAODIJIANSHAOKONGJIANHUANJINGDUIHANGTIANQINEIBUZAOCHENGDEWENDUYINGXIANG。ZHEIJIAN“CHONGFENGYI”YOUZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIJITUANWUYUAN529CHANGLISHILIANGNIANJINGXINYANZHI,QICHENGGONGYANZHIYUNHANLEDUOXIANGZIZHUGUANJIANJISHU。

  ZAIXIANGHUOXINGKAOJINDEFEIXINGGUIDAOLI,“TIANWENYIHAO”XUJINGLIDUOCIWENDUXUNHUANBIANHUA,ZUIGAOWEN100℃、ZUIDIWENKEDA-120℃。WENCHAGAODA200DUODUDEHUANJINGDUI“TIANWENYIHAO”NEIBUSHEBEIDEZHENGCHANGGONGZUOCHANSHENGJIDAYINGXIANG。

  CIWAI, ,TAIKONGDEGAOZHENKONGTEXING, ,SHIDE“TIANWENYIHAO”ZAIMIANDUITAIYANGDECHIXUFUZHAOXIA,WUFAXIANGFEIJINEIYANGTONGGUOREDUILIUHUORECHUANDAOCHUANDIRELIANG,YINCIQIXIANGYANGMIANBIAOMIANWENDUHUICHIXUSHENGGAO, ,ZAOCHENGYUBEIYANGMIANDEWENCHAJUDA。ZAIZHEIZHONGGONGKUANGXIA,ZHELUXUNSHIQINEIBUWENDUYANZHONGBUPINGHENG,SHIDE“TIANWENYIHAO”NEIBUDE“WUZANGLIUFU”YOUDECHUZAIHANLENGHUANJINGZHONG,YOUDEQUECHUZAIGAOWENHUANJINGLI。YUCITONGSHI, ,TAIKONGCHIXUBUDUANDEGAONENGZIWAIYUDIANLIFUSHEYEHUIDUIQIWAIBIAOCHANSHENGSUNHAOSUNSHANG。

  YINCI,JI“TIANWENYIHAO”CHUANYIJIANTEZHIDE“CHONGFENGYI”JIUXIANDEYOUWEIBIYAO。ZHUANJIAZHICHU,ZHEIKUAN“CHONGFENGYI”HAIDEDIKANGTAIKONGDEGAONENGZIWAIFUZHAO、YUANZIYANGHONGJIYIJIDUOZHONGGAONENGLIZIYUDIANLIFUSHEDEGONGJI,CHENGWEIHANGTIANQIQUANFANGWEIDEWAIBUBAOHUPINGZHANG, ,KEWEI“TIANWENYIHAO” BENHUOLVTUZHONGDEQUANXIAOFANGHUFU。

面对极端温差,
</a></a>,“天问一号”“冲锋衣”如何破解“冰火两重天”难题?

  特殊涂层解决“冰火两重天”难题

  “TIANWENYIHAO”ZHEIJIAN“CHONGFENGYI”CAIYONGLEZHONGGUOYIWANGREKONGTUCENGLINGYUZHONGCONGWEIYOUGUODELEIXING。529CHANGZHUANJIABIAOSHI,DANDUJUBEIDIXISHOUGONGNENGDEREKONGTUCENGBIJIAOCHANGJIAN,DANSHITONGSHIJUBEIDIXISHOUHEDIFASHEGONGNENGDEREKONGTUCENGQUEJIWEIHANJIAN。

  WEILEYANFACHUZHEIJIAN“CHONGFENGYI”,YANFATUANDUIYIJUZONGTIREKONGSHEJIRENYUANZHENDUI“TIANWENYIHAO”ZAIGUIQUANGUOCHENGDEWAIRELIUTEXING,SHOUXIANQUEDINGLEREKONGTUCENGDIXISHOUYUDIFASHELIANGXIANGGUANJIANJISHUZHIBIAO,ZAIYIZHEILIANGXIANGJISHUZHIBIAOWEICHUFADIAN, ,KAIZHANTUCENGDESHEJI、FANGZHEN、ZHIBEI、JIANCEJIGONGCHENGSHISHIDENGYIXILIEYANFAGONGZUO。JINGGUOFANFUSHIYAN,YANFATUANDUIZUIZHONGCHENGGONGTUPOLEDUOXIANGDIXISHOUDIFASHETUCENGYANZHIDEGUANJIANJISHU,WEI“TIANWENYIHAO”LIANGSHENDAZAOCHULEZHEISHENYINGUANGSHANSHANDE“CHONGFENGYI”。

  YUQITAREKONGTUCENGLEISI,ZHEIJIAN“CHONGFENGYI”YOUZHEDIXISHOUDETEDIAN,TONGGUOJIDIDETAIYANGXISHOUBI,KEYIZHANGQIYOUXIAODIFANSHETAIYANGFUZHAOERLAIDEJUEDABUFENNENGLIANG。RUCIYILAI“TIANWENYIHAO”NEIBU“BINGHUOLIANGZHONGTIAN”DEWENTIJIUNENGDEDAOYOUXIAOJIEJUE。

  BUTONGDESHI,XIN“CHONGFENGYI”BUJINDIXISHOUERQIEDIFASHE,ZHEIYUQITATONGGUOGAOFASHELVDUIWAISANREDEREKONGTUCENGYOUZHEXIANZHUBUTONG。KEYANRENYUANJIESHAODAO,ZHISUOYIZHEIYANGSHEJISHIYINWEI“TIANWENYIHAO”DELVTUCHUZAITAIKONGSHENLENGHUANJINGXIA,ZISHENNEIBUFADONGJICHANSHENGDERELIANGSHIZHONGHUIXIANGWAIJIEXIAOHAO。JIN10GEYUEDEFEIXINGSHIJIANSHIWAIJIELENGHUANJINGDUIRANLIAODEXIAOHAOJIGAO,ERGUODUODEZHUBEIRANLIAOYOUHUIRANG“TIANWENYIHAO”DEZHONGLIANGSUIZHISHANGSHENG,HUIJI“KEKEJIJIAO”DEHANGTIANQIDAILAIZHONGLIANGSHANGDEFUDAN。

  YINCI,YANFARENYUANTONGGUOJIANGDIREKONGTUCENGDEHONGWAIFASHELV,JIANSHAOZHENKONGHUANJINGXIACANGNEIXIANGWAIJIEDEFUSHELOURE, ,CONGERCHENGGONGSHIXIANLEDUIZHELUXUNSHIQINEIBUSHEBEIZHENGCHANGYUNZHUANDEWENDUBAOZHANG,QUEBAOLE“TIANWENYIHAO”ZHEICILVCHENGDEANQUANYUSHUSHI。(WAN)

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