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国内再现本土病例 专家:应接尽接 防止蔓延

2020-05-15 12:40       网络整理

  应接尽接 防止蔓延

  专访复旦大学公共卫生学院教授姜庆五

  国内再现本土病例,当前最紧迫的工作是什么?如何积极应对来自境外的疫情防控压力?记者就此专访了流行病学专家、复旦大学公共卫生学院教授姜庆五。

  查清病例活动的范围及病毒可能污染的地方是当前最为紧迫的工作

  JIZHE:DUIYUCICIBENTUYIQING,NINZENMEKAN?

  JIANGQINGWU:JIUMUQIANANHUI、LIAONINGYIJINGQUEZHENDEBENTUBINGLILAISHUO,HAIWUFAQUERENCILUNYIQINGDEZHENZHENGYUANTOU。CONGGONGBUDEHUODONGGUIJI、SHIJIANXIANLAIKAN,LIMOUMOU5YUE1RICONGDALIANFEIZHIHEFEI, ,KAOLVDAOQIANFUQI,QIAHAOCHUYUYIGE“KEWANGQIANYEKEWANGHOU”ZHUISUDEZHUANGTAI。YIFANGMIAN,ANHUIYIJINGHENZHANGSHIJIANMEIYOUCHUXIANBENTUBINGLILE;LINGYIFANGMIAN,DALIANZUOWEIKOUANCHENGSHI,HENRONGYIRANGRENMENCHANSHENGJINGWAISHURUDELIANXIANG。SUIRANZHEIXIEYOUDAIYUJINYIBUDEQUEREN, ,DANSHILIMOUMOU4YUE27RIZHI30RIZAIYINGKOUDEHUODONGBIXUGUANZHU。DUIYUANHUIFASHENGDEBINGLIZEKENENGYULIMOUMOUDEPEIXUNXIANGGUAN,BINGLIZAILIANGDIDEHUODONGBIXURENZHENPAICHA,BIYAOSHIZAIYIDINGFANWEINEIJINXINGRENQUNHESUANSHAIJIANYEYINGGAIKAOLV。CHAQINGMUQIANBINGLIHUODONGDEFANWEIJIBINGDUKENENGWURANDEDIFANGSHIDANGQIANZUIWEIJINPODEGONGZUO。

  这段时间里, ,病例活动范围很大,他们究竟在哪些区域活动,接触了哪些人,要按照既往经验加强监测。既然已经发现了最初的病例,那一定要尽量将第二代、甚至是第三代的病毒传播及时掐灭。掐住的要害,就是一定要查清密切接触者,管住密切接触者,防止这几个病例作为传染源扩散至更大的范围。在这十几天的时间里,只要是他们去过的地方,都有必要加强防范。还要对这些地方近期出现发烧症状的人加强观察与核酸筛查。

  JIZHE:CHULEJIAQIANGHESUANSHAICHA,NINHAIYOUSHENMEJIANYI?

  JIANGQINGWU:WOJIANYI,SUOYOUZAIBINGLIHUODONGQUYUGONGZUOSHENGHUODERENJIAQIANGFANGFAN,ZHUAJINSHIJIANJIEZHONGYIMIAO。YOUQISHIBINGLITINGLIUGUODEQUYUNEIYINGGAIJIJIKAIZHANYIMIAOJIEZHONG。ZHEISHIWOMENHEBINGDUJIANDEYICHANGSAIPAO。JIEZHONGYIMIAOSHIWEILEFANGZHIKENENGCHUXIANDEYIQINGMANYAN,QIANGZAIBINGDUDEQIANFUQINEI,JIEZHONGZHEJIUKEYIJISHICHANSHENGKANGTI,YOUXIAODIYUQIANZAIDEGANRANFENGXIAN。

  WEILAIYIZHOUHENGUANJIAN,YIQINGHAIWEIZHENZHENGGUOQU

  记者:得益于国内疫情防控的积极效果,刚刚过去的“五一”假期,人们纷纷出游。现在,人们有些担心, ,当时出行会不会存在感染风险呢?

  JIANGQINGWU:MUQIANKANLAI,GUONEIYIQINGFANGKONGXINGSHIHAISUANPINGWEN。WOMENDEYINGJIXIANGYINGJIZHIHAISHIKUAISUYOUXIAODE,YINCIZAIKEKONGDEJICHUSHANG,SHIDANGDEFANGKAI,RANGGUANGDAQUNZHONGJINKENENGHUIGUIZHENGCHANGDESHENGHUO,YESHIRENXINSUOPAN。

  DANSHI,YIQINGHAIWEIZHENZHENGGUOQU, ,WOMENDEKOUANYIRANKAIFANG,YOUCIJIYIQINGFANGKONGDAILAIDEYALIBURONGXIAOQU。DUIYUDAJIADEDANXIN,WOXIANGZAIGUOYIGEXINGQIJIUHUIYOUJIELUNLE。ZONGTIERYAN, ,WOMENDUIYUGUONEIDEYIQINGFANGKONGTIXISHIZHONGHUAIYOUXINXIN。

  JUEBUSHISHUO“DAGUOLEYIMIAO,JIUKEYIBUDAIKOUZHAO”

  JIZHE:NINYIZHIHUYUDAJIAJINKUAIJIEZHONGYIMIAO,NEIMENINDUIYUQUNTIMIANYIZENMEKANNI?

  JIANGQINGWU:QUNIANNIANCHU,YINGGUOTICHUDE“QUNTIMIANYI”FANGAN, ,ZAODAODUOGUOKEXUEJIADEPIPING。FANGRENMINZHONGGANRANXINGUANFEIYAN,JISHIQULEZHUDONGGANYUJIBINGDENULI,YESHIQULEKEXUEJIACUNZAIDEYIYI。HUANXIANGYONGYIPIRENDESIWANGLAIHUANQUGENGNIANQINGDERENKOUJIEGOU,ZHEIJUEDUISHIFANDAODEFANRENXINGFANKEXUEDE。

  CONGSHIYANJIEGUOLAIKAN,YIMIAOBUNENGBAOHU100%DEREN。DANJIBIANRUCI,YIRANYOUBIYAOHUYUDAJIAZAITIAOJIANYUNXUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JINKENENGJIEZHONG。QIANGDIAOYIDIAN,JUEBUSHISHUO“DAGUOLEYIMIAO, ,JIUKEYIBUDAIKOUZHAO”。DAIKOUZHAOSHIYIZHONGWENMINGDEXINGWEI,BUJINYIZHILEXINGUANFEIYANDECHUANBO,DUIYULIUGANDENGQITAHUXIDAOJIBINGYEYOUHENHAODEYUFANGZUOYONG。HAISHITICHANGZAISHINEIGONGGONGCHANGSUO,TEBIESHIGONGJIAO、FEIJI、GUIDAOJIAOTONGNEIDAIHAOKOUZHAO。

  JIZHE:5YUE11RI,《XINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUFEIYANFANGKONGFANGAN》(DIBABAN)FABU,QIZHONGDUIYUQIANGHUAGELIYIXUEGUANCHA、QIANGHUAMIJIEDEMIJIEJINGZHUNGUANLIDENGYOULEGENGWEIYANGEDEYAOQIU,NINDUICIZENMEKAN?

  JIANGQINGWU:ZAIQUANQIUYIQINGRENGWEIDEDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHIZHIQIAN,YIQINGFANGKONGZHEIGENXIANYIJIUBUNENGSONG。DANGQIAN,WOMENDEFANGKONGYALIZHUYAOLAIZIJINGWAISHURU,YINCIJIAQIANGDUIRUJINGRENYUANDEYIXUEGUANCHAHENYOUBIYAO。GUOQU,WOMENYECENGFAXIANGUO14TIANGUANCHAQIJIESHUHOU,YOUCHUXIANHESUANJIANCEYANGXINGDEQINGKUANG,YOUDEDIFANGJIUSHISHILE“14+7”DENGGENGWEIYANGEDEFANGKONGCUOSHI。

  面对严峻的国际疫情形势, ,既要保一方太平,又不能完全关闭国门,因此, ,对于入境人员等处于隔离观察期的人员,要求更严一些,工作做得再细致一些,更有利于防控大局,也是成本代价更小的务实举措。(本报记者 管筱璞)

【编辑:陈海峰】

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