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国家安全领域立法取得显著进展

2022-04-15 09:20       网络整理

  制定生物安全法、香港国安法,修改国防法、人民武装警察法等

  国家安全领域立法取得显著进展

  ——FANGQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIFAGONGWEIFAYANREN、LIFAGUIHUASHIZHURENYUEZHONGMING

  本报记者 张天培

  《 RENMINRIBAO 》( 2021NIAN04YUE15RI DI 11 BAN)

  MEINIAN4YUE15RIWEIQUANMINGUOJIAANQUANJIAOYURI,ZHEISHIGUOJIAANQUANFADEMINGQUEGUIDING,DUIYUJIAQIANGGUOJIAANQUANXUANCHUANJIAOYU, ,ZENGQIANGQUANMINGUOJIAANQUANGUANNIAN, ,HANGSHIGUOJIAANQUANDEQUNZHONGJICHUQIDAOLEZHONGYAOTUIDONGZUOYONG。4YUE14RI,JIZHEJIUGUOJIAANQUANLINGYULIFAQINGKUANGCAIFANGLEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIFAGONGWEIFAYANREN、LIFAGUIHUASHIZHURENYUEZHONGMING。

  JIZHE:QINGJIESHAOYIXIABENJIEQUANGUORENDAJIQICHANGWEIHUIZAIWEIHUWOGUOGUOJIAANQUANLINGYUDELIFAQINGKUANG,ZHUYAOSHEJINAXIEFANGMIAN?ZAIWEIHUGUOJIAANQUANFANGMIANFAHUILESHENMEZUOYONG?

  岳仲明:在党中央的坚强领导下,全国人大及其常委会围绕党和国家工作大局,顺应人民期盼, ,加快立法步伐,不断提高立法质量和效率,国家安全领域立法取得显著进展。为有效防范应对各类风险挑战,制定生物安全法、出口管制法、密码法,修改档案法,审议海上交通安全法修订草案、数据安全法草案、个人信息保护法草案、反有组织犯罪法草案、安全生产法修正草案等;适应新时代国防和军队建设需要,制定海警法、退役军人保障法,修改国防法、人民武装警察法,审议军人地位和权益保障法草案、兵役法修订草案、军事设施保护法修订草案等。此外,还通过一系列立法“组合拳”维护香港特别行政区宪制秩序、法治秩序,扭转了香港在国家安全领域长期“不设防”的严峻局面,为实现香港由乱及治,确保香港长期繁荣稳定提供了坚实法治保障。

  JIZHE:4YUE15RI,SHENGWUANQUANFAZHENGSHISHISHI,QINGWENZHIDINGZHEIBUFALVDETESHUXINGHEZHONGYAOYIYISHISHENME?

  YUEZHONGMING:SUIZHEGUONEIWAIHUANJINGSHENKEFUZABIANHUAHESHENGWUJISHUKUAISUFAZHAN,SHENGWUANQUANYICHENGWEIGUOJIAANQUANDEXINJIANGYU。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGGAODUZHONGSHISHENGWUANQUANGONGZUO,CONGZHANLVEHEQUANJUGAODUZUOCHUZHONGDAJUECEBUSHU,BASHENGWUANQUANNARUGUOJIAANQUANTIXI。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUOCIZUOCHUZHONGYAOZHISHIPISHI, , ,QIANGDIAOYAOJIAKUAILIFABUFA,JINKUAITUIDONGCHUTAISHENGWUANQUANFA, ,JIAKUAIGOUJIANSHENGWUANQUANFALVFAGUITIXI、ZHIDUBAOZHANGTIXI。2020NIAN10YUE17RI,SHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDIERSHIERCIHUIYIBIAOJUETONGGUOSHENGWUANQUANFA。SHENGWUANQUANFADEBANBUHESHISHI,DUIBAOZHANGRENMINSHENGMINGJIANKANG、WEIHUGUOJIAANQUAN、TISHENGGUOJIASHENGWUANQUANZHILINENGLI、WANSHANSHENGWUANQUANFALVTIXIJUYOUZHONGYAOGONGXIAOHEJIAZHI。

  JIZHE:ZHIDINGSHISHICHUKOUGUANZHIFAZAIWEIHUGUOJIAANQUANHELIYI、YINGDUIFENGXIANTIAOZHANFANGMIANYOUSHENMEJIJIYIYI?

  YUEZHONGMING:SHANGSHIJI90NIANDAIMO,WOGUOXIANHOUZHIDINGLE6BUYOUGUANCHUKOUGUANZHIDEXINGZHENGFAGUI,XINGCHENGLEFUGAIHE、SHENGWU、HUAXUE、DAODANYIJIJUNPINDENGWUXIANGDECHUKOUGUANZHIFALVZHIDUTIXI。WEIJINYIBUJIAQIANGHEGUIFANCHUKOUGUANZHI,GENJUXINGSHIBIANHUA,ZAIZONGJIESHIJIANJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,JIEJIANGUOJITONGXINGZUOFA,TISHENGLIFACENGJI,ZHIDINGYIBUTONGLINGCHUKOUGUANZHIGONGZUODEFALV。2020NIAN10YUE17RI,SHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDIERSHIERCIHUIYITONGGUOLECHUKOUGUANZHIFA,ZI2020NIAN12YUE1RIQISHIXING。CHUKOUGUANZHIFADECHUTAI,JIANLILETONGYIDECHUKOUGUANZHIFALVZHIDUKUANGJIA,DUIWEIHUGUOJIAANQUANHELIYI,LVXINGFANGKUOSANDENGGUOJIYIWU,JIAQIANGHEGUIFANCHUKOUGUANZHIGONGZUO,ZHANGXIANWOFUZERENDEGUOJIDAGUOXINGXIANG,JUYOUSHIFENZHONGDADEYIYI。

  JIZHE:ZAIGUANCHEXIJINPINGQIANGJUNSIXIANG、JIAKUAIGOUJIANWANSHANDEZHONGGUOTESEJUNSHIFAZHITIXIFANGMIAN,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIZUOLENAXIEGONGZUO?

  YUEZHONGMING:DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGDUIGUOFANGHEJUNDUIJIANSHEZUOCHUYIXILIEXINDELILUNGAIKUOHEZHANLVEANPAI,WUZHUANGLILIANGLINGDAOZHIHUITIZHI、GUIMOJIEGOUHELILIANGBIANCHENG、JUNSHIZHENGCEZHIDUGAIGEYACHATUIJIN、CHIXUSHENRU。ZHEIXIEZHONGDALILUNCHUANGXINCHENGGUO、ZHANLVEJUECEBUSHUHESHIJIANCHENGGONGJINGYANXUYAOTONGGUOFALVXINGSHIJINXINGQUERENHETIXIAN。2020NIANYILAI,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIJIJITONGGUOLIFAGUANCHEXIJINPINGQIANGJUNSIXIANG,DUIRENMINWUZHUANGJINGCHAFA、GUOFANGFAJINXINGLEXITONGWANSHAN,BINGZHIDINGLEHAIJINGFA,WEIYOUXIAOWEIHUGUOJIAJUNSHIANQUANTIGONGLEQIANGYOULIFAZHIBAOZHANG。

  JIZHE:QINGJIESHAOYIXIAZHIDINGSHISHIXIANGGANGTEBIEXINGZHENGQUWEIHUGUOJIAANQUANFADEZHONGDAYIYISHISHENME?

  岳仲明:香港回归以来,“一国两制”成功实践举世公认,但也存在着维护国家安全的制度短板,且在相当长的时间内香港特别行政区难以自行完成立法任务,“港独”等各类分裂国家违法活动, ,外国和境外势力利用香港从事危害我国国家安全的活动,严重危害国家主权、统一和领土完整, ,香港特区国家安全面临现实风险。2020年5月28日, ,十三届全国人大三次会议通过了关于建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制的决定,同时授权全国人大常委会制定相关法律。2020年6月30日,全国人大常委会依据宪法、香港基本法和全国人大的有关决定,制定香港国安法并将其列入香港基本法附件三在香港特别行政区公布实施。这是最高国家权力机关贯彻落实党的十九届四中全会会议精神,采取“决定+立法”的形式,从国家层面建立健全香港特区维护国家安全制度机制的重要举措。香港国安法自实施以来,有效打击了与香港特区有关的危害国家安全犯罪,堵塞香港特区在维护国家安全法律制度和执行机制方面存在的漏洞,有力地维护了国家主权、安全、发展利益和香港的长期繁荣稳定, ,香港走上由乱转治的良好局面。

【编辑:叶攀】

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